20 Common Diseases: High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure and High Blood Fat

A rise in the standard of living and changes in diet have given rise to an increase in high blood pressure and high blood fat. It is insufficient to merely depend on doctors’ treatment to maintain a healthy body. Knowledge of high blood pressure and high blood fat is also necessary to perform self-monitoring and treatment.

high blood pressure

What is normal blood pressure?
What is high blood pressure and high blood fat?

A normal blood pressure for adults should read less than 120/80mmHg. If the blood pressure is at 120-139/80-89mmHg, though it is considered normal, chances of getting high blood pressure in the future is two times higher than a normal person (so a change in lifestyle is needed). If the measurement is equivalent to or higher than 140/90mmHg, then the person has high blood pressure.

The blood pressure levels can be divided into three levels:

Level 1:
Slightly high blood pressure at 140-159/90-99mmHg

 Level 2:
Medium high blood pressure at 160-179/100-109mmHg

Level 1:
Acute high blood pressure higher than 180/110mmHg

Due to the hardening of arteries in older people, systolic high blood pressure of 140mmHg or higher or diastolic pressure of 90mmHg or lower is more common. When total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and total glucose are higher than normal levels and high-density lipoprotein lower than normal levels, this is considered as high blood fat.

The total cholesterol in the blood of normal persons should be lower than 5.2mmol/L (200mg/dl); low-density lipoprotein should be lower than 3.12mmol/L (120mg/dl); high-density lipoprotein should be higher than 1.04mmol/L (40mg/dl); total glucose level should be lower than 1.7mmol/L (150mg/dl).

Reasons for Ailment

High blood fat is mainly caused by hereditary actors and over-consumption of food. While reasons for this ailment are still unclear, hereditary reasons and social lifestyles like smoking, drinking alcohol, consuming food with high carbohydrates, fats and salt content, long periods of stress, irregular lifestyle and environmental factors may lead to high blood fat.

Clinical Manifestation

high blood fatHigh blood fat is normally overlooked as there is no symptom; that’s why it is called “The Silent Killer”. It damages the blood vessels, hardens the arteries. The signs are dizziness, headaches, chest pains, anxiety, shortness of breath, numbness in limbs. It ultimately develops into high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

Symptoms of high blood pressure vary from person to person. Some do not know about their condition until medical check-ups. If one shows signs of giddiness, tinnitus and palpitation when feeling tense or agitated, seek a doctor to perform a blood pressure test.

Common symptoms of high blood pressure are headaches, with the pain centering at the back of the brain or at the temples. The aches peak in the morning and subside after breakfast, mostly accompanied by giddiness, tightening of muscles behind the neck feeling, irritable and easily tired. Later stages may see damage to heart, brain and kidney blood vessels, while symptoms include numbness of limbs, palpitation, lethargy, anemia and edema.

High Blood Pressure Prevention and Treatment

Prevention of high blood pressure and high blood fat can be controlled chiefly by non-drug method and regular check-ups. Treatment should also combine drug method with non-drug methods.

High Blood Pressure Drug treatment:

Western medicines are effective in treating high blood pressure, but contain side effects. Though the effects of Chinese herbs, acupuncture, massotherapy and Qigong are bit as quickly as western medicines, risk of side effects is lower. Both methods of treatment can be administered concurrently.

High Blood Pressure Dietetic Care

high blood pressureHigh blood pressure and high blood fat are related to diet. Foods that are blend, low in fats and easily digestible are most ideal. Avoid foods that are high in carbohydrates, cholesterol and salt. Consume more unpolished rice, soya products and fresh fruits to increase fibre and vitamins. Increase intakes of food that help reduce fats such as, mushrooms, onions, celery and corn. It is recommended to steam, boil, and braise these foods, and consume them in moderation. Breakfast should also be taken to reduce blood fat levels.

Healthcare

Medicinal treatment alone cannot effectively control high blood pressure and high blood fat. A change in lifestyle, combined with medicine, can then achieve best results.

High Blood Pressure Dietetic treatment

Insist on long-term dietetic treatment to reduce blood sugar levels by 10-20%. Those with slightly high blood fat can use this method to maintain normal levels.

Quit smoking and drinking

Smoking causes convulsions of blood vessels and lead to high blood pressure. Consuming alcohol can also increase blood sugar levels.

Lose weight

Overweight people are more prone to contracting high blood pressure and high blood fat. The levels will drop if one loses weight. This way, medicine intake can be reduced. If those who are overweight by 10% can reduce their weight by 4-5kg, their blood pressure levels will also drop.

Exercise in moderation

Though exercising can help reduce blood pressure and weight, those with high blood pressure, high blood fat and elderly should not exercise for long durations and must not overexert. Each exercise session should last 30 minutes for five times a week. They can engage in jogging, brisk walking, swimming, cycling and Qigong. One should only bathe and eat after 30 minutes and 1 hour respectively after exercising. If exercising causes loss of appetite and sleep, adjust the intensity accordingly. It’s best to consult a doctor before exercising.

Keep your spirits up

Research has shown that those who are impatient or emotionally hurt are more prone to high blood pressure. When angry or agitated, blood pressure of a normal person can shoot up to above 200/100mmHg while those with the ailment can hit above 240/160mmHg, which can be potentially dangerous.

A systematic lifestyle

Every living thing has a regular biological pattern. Frequent changes of such patterns can obstruct hormonal secretion and affects health. Therefore, maintaining a regular lifestyle can help stabilize blood pressure.

Caution with high blood pressure medication

Some western and Chinese medicine can cause side effects and must not be taken at random. Elderly people with high blood pressure should refrain from consuming ginseng and other Chinese medicine that can raise blood pressure. If one’s medical condition warrants the usage of Chinese medicine, the amount must be prescribed by an experienced Chinese physician.

20 Common Diseases in Malaysia: High Blood Pressure

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